United States Environmental Protection Agency

The Environmental Protection Agency is an independent executive agency of the United States federal government tasked with environmental protection matters.   The Lead Team supports EPA's Lead-Based Paint Abatement and Renovation, Repair and Painting (RRP) Regulations, both of which aim to protect the public from lead-based paint and lead-based paint hazards.   Lead Abatement vs. Lead RRP   Abatement and RRP activities may sometimes look similar, but they are not!   Abatement is a specialized activity designed to address lead in the home.  RRP activities (including most home contracting work) disturb paint as a consequence of the activity, but they are often undertaken for reasons unrelated to lead issues.   Lead-Based Paint Activities (Abatement)  
  • Lead-Based Paint Activities include lead-based paint inspections, risk assessments and abatements (lead-based paint removal).
  • Lead abatement projects are designed to permanently eliminate existing lead-based paint hazards. They may be ordered by a state or local government in response to a lead-poisoned child or other reason, or may be undertaken voluntarily at any time.
  • Lead risk assessments are designed to identify lead hazards and management strategies, and lead inspections are designed to locate all lead-based paint in a home.
  • Individuals must be trained and certified to conduct lead-based paint activities, and firms must be certified.
  • Lead-based activities are regulated differently than renovation, repair and painting jobs, even though, in some cases, the activities are similar.
  Renovation, Repair and Painting (RRP)  
  • RRP projects are typically performed at the option of the property owner for aesthetic or other reasons, or as an interim control to minimize lead hazards. It is NOT designed to permanently eliminate lead-based paint hazards.
  • Since RRP projects can disturb lead-based paint in homes and buildings built before 1978, thus creating new lead hazards, individual renovators must be trained and certified lead-safe RRP practices, and firms must be certified.
For more information, please visit EPA Lead page